## It is + n. / adj. + to do sth.

It's a pleasure to drive a genius like you, Dr Einstein.

• "It's a pleasure to do sth" 意为“做某事是一件愉快的事情”。"It is + n. / adj. + to do sth."意为“做某事是……”
• 该句型中的 It 做形式主语，真正的主语是后面的动词不定式，再举个例子

It's a pleasure to talk with you.

## on one's way to ...

One evening, on their way to a university, Einstrin said

• “on one's way to ..." 意为“在某人去……的路上”。
• by the way 顺便说一下
• all the way 一路上，至始至终
• in one's way 挡道的
• in a way 在某种程度上

1. By the way, when will you go to Beijing?

顺便问一下，你们什么时候去北京?

2. She kept singing happily all the way.

一路上，她一直高兴地唱着歌。

3. The table is in our way. Please move it away.

这张桌子挡着我们路了。请把它移走。

4. You are right in a way.

在某种程度上你是对的。

## avoid doing sth

"I'm so tired. I wish I could avoid giving my lecture tonight ..."

“我很累。我希望今晚可以不用做演讲……”

• Avoid doing sth 意为“避免做某事”，注意 avoid 后要接动词的-ing 形式，例如：

I think students should avoid getting into bad habits.

## so / such ... that ...

1. I've listened to your lecture so many times that I've learnt it by heart.

我已经听了你这么多次的演讲，以至于我都能背下来了。

2. That's such an easy question that even my driver can answer it.

这个问题如此简单，以至于我的司机都能回答 。

• so + adj. / adv. + that + 从句 和 such (+a/an) + adj. + n. + that 从句 的意思都是如此……以至于。但是当名词前有many, much, few, little时，只能用so 而不能用 such 例如
1. The question was so difficult that Jhon could not answer it

那个问题如此难，以至于约翰无法回答。

2. She is such a smart girl that we all like her.

她是一个如此聪明的女孩，以至于我们都喜欢她

## at the end

Einstein took a seat, listened to Hans give his lectore without difficulty, and joined in the applause at the end.

• At the end 意为 最后， at the end of 意为 在……的末尾；在……结束的时候。
• 注意 at the end 和 in the end 的区别
• at the end 表示在某件事情结束时，也可以表示在某个时间或某个地点的尽头，后接介词短语"of..."，标明具体的事情、事件或地方
• in the end 在句中作时间状语，相当于 at last, finally ，意为最后；终于，后面不能接介词短语。

1. At the end of December, he finished all the tasks.

在十二月底，他完成了所有的任务

2. In the end, she found the answer to this question.

最后，她找到这个问题的答案

## 伴随状语

They lift the university, with Einstein driving.

• 本句中的 with Einstein driving 作句子的伴随状语，表示动作 driving 与句子谓语的动作 left 同时进行

We climbed up the mountain, with Tom helping us.